Monument to the founders of Odessa at St.Catherine Square. "We order to be the port and the city" - with these words of Empress Catherine II, spoken in 1794, the 200-years history of Odessa began. As a token of gratitude in 1900 from Odessa erected a monument to those who stood at the origins of birth of the city: the army chief of Prince Grigory Potemkin Tauride, principal chief of this region count Platon Zubov, head of the fighters for Khadzhibey and chief of the construction of the city and the port Joseph de Ribas, the author and the first Artist Project future Odessa Franz de Voulant and, of course, Catherine the Great. October 27, 2007 inaugurated a monument to the founders of Odessa, and the architectural ensemble - St. Catherine's Square - returned to its primordial unique color.
A true pearl, and wonderful treasure of Odessa is its Opera Theater.
Built to the design of Vienna architects Ferdinand Fellner and Herman Helmer, Odessa's Theater was their thirteenth theater to be built in Europe. Overcoming the 'unfortunate' mysticism of number 13, however, is one more marvelous story of the Odessa Opera Theater. "The Odessa Opera Theater is the best in the world!" exclaimed F. Fellner when he came to the theater's opening on October 1, 1887.
So a popular phrase of our city guides that "Odessa Opera Theater is the second after the Viennese according to its beauty" is, according to the building's own architect, not quite correct. Bearing the name of "Academy" since 1926, Odessa Opera Theater was awarded status of "National" by virtue of the President's decree in 2007.
Primorskyi Boulevard (Promenade)
One of the tourists cards of our city is undoubtedly the Promenade (Primorskyi Boulevard). Start creation of boulevard dated 1821.
After several changes of names (Nicholas, Feldman), today it is "neutral" name - "Primorskyi".It starts with a magnificent building of Stock Exchange. Today – City Hall.
Near the residence of a military governor-general, and since 1930 - the Palace of Sailor. At the other end of the Primorskyi Boulevard is Vorontsov Palace with a colonnade, built in 1826 on the site of the Turkish fortress of Yeni Dunya. Just near the colonnade ‘Mother-in-Law’ Bridge, one of the longest bridges in the city, is placed. Hence the name - the bridge as long as mother-in-law tongue (from Russian proverb).
Interestingly, if several people will jump at the middle of the bridge, it begins to bounce and vibrate in time to jump. There is a sign: if the padlock with the name of the two lovers to hang on that bridge, they are not separated, never.
Years affect the appearance of the Primorsky Boulevard, but it also is beautiful today, as in the time of its heyday. In 2008, the boulevard was reconstructed. At the center of the boulevard - a unique architectural ensemble: two semicircular buildings, symbolizing the welcoming arms wide open. In front of them - the pedestal to the first governor of Odessa Duc de Richelieu, and his feet stretched stretches out to sea famous Boulevard (Giant), today - Potemkin Stairs.
The Duke — Meaning More than a Duc
The "visiting card" of Odessa is the view formed by the Potemkin Stairs, the monument to Duc de Richelieu, and two semi-circular buildings standing behind it.
This beautiful ensemble is situated in the center of the renowned Primorskiy Boulevard that has been included in the UNESCO heritage list. This place above the sea is always crowded, and the Duke (that's how, without ceremony, he is called by Odessa citizens) is always in the spotlight.
The most famous citizen of Odessa, its first governor, Duke Richelieu (in the form of a monument) appeared here in 1828. Armand Emmanuel Sophie Septemaine du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu was a distant relative (the grandson of the grand nephew) of Louis XIII's famous minister. Duke Richelieu left France after the French Revolution and devoted 11 years to Odessa, calling it "the best pearl in Russia's crown".
Potemkin Stairs - symbol for Odessa as the Eiffel Tower for Paris. It's not just about two hundred steps, but a real phenomenon, not only in Odessa scale.
Boulevard and Boulevard (later - Giant) Stairs set up in 1837 - 1841, and Potemkin, it was named in 1955 in honor of the revolutionary uprising in 1905 on the battleship ‘Potemkin’. And thanks to the great film director Sergei Ezeynshteyn “Battleship ‘Potemkin’” Odessa staircase became world-famous movie star.
Potemkin Stairs is unique in all respects. For example, in mathematics: it is the largest in Ukraine (its length - 142 m, height - 24 m). Originally Potemkin Stairs counted 200 steps. Now they step 192.
Monument to the Governor-General of Novorussian region Prince Vorontsov opened Nov. 9, 1863. It consists of a bronze statue on a pedestal and three bas-reliefs depicting the battle of Kraon, the taking of Varna, as well as agriculture and trade symbols.
The Odessa Spaso-Preobrazhenskiy Cathedral
Cathedral is the biggest Orthodox temple in the city. The place for its construction was consecrated at the time of the ceremonial consecration of Odessa, back in 1794. The cathedral was consecrated on the 25 of May, 1808 and named Spaso-Preobrazhenskiy. By 1837, a bell tower was added. The cathedral was first reconstructed in 1894. Another major reconstruction took place between 1900-1903. After that, the cathedral became one of the biggest temples in the Russian Empire and the main cathedral of the Novorossiya region. Within its area of 90 m x 45 m, it could host more than 9,000 people; the height of the bell tower was 72 m.
The history of this temple was interrupted in Soviet times, when in 1937, the building was first ransacked then blown up.
The new chronicle of this cathedral began in 1997, and the building was completely rebuilt by 2005, an enterprise funded by donations made by individuals and city enterprises. In the same year, 2005, the remains of the famous Odessa governor Prince Vorontsov and his wife (that had been buried in the Slobodka cemetery after the 1937 explosion) were returned to the cathedral.
23 bells were bought from donations made by Odessa's contributors and the Spaso-Preobrazhenskiy Cathedral now possesses the biggest number of bells in Ukraine. In 2008, the installation of a huge bell, the biggest one in the country, was dedicated to the 200 anniversary of the cathedral's consecration. The weight of this bell is 14.5 tons, and its diameter is 3 m.
Deribasovskaya Street Deribasovskaya Street – the most famous street in the world.
This street was named "Garden", then - "Gimnaziyskaya", and from 6 July 1811 was Deribasovskaya. She tried several times to rename (i.e. in the street Lassalle, Chkalov), but none of these names are not stuck.
In the very beginning of the street monument to admiral De Ribas. In one hand he holds a plan for the future of the city, in another - a shovel (as a symbol of creation).
In 1899 the street was built hotel building "Passage". Great plastic decoration makes the building a true architectural masterpiece. But Deribasivska - not just revered Odessites street, it is associated with all of the most brilliant pages of the history of Odessa.
The Odessa National I.I. Mechnikov University is one of the country's major universities. It was founded in 1865, by an edict of Czar Alexander II of Russia, reorganizing the Richelieu Lyceum of Odessa into the new Imperial Novorossiya University. In the Soviet period, the University had the name I.I. Mechnikov Odessa State University.
|International reward of «European Quality» of European Assembly of business (Oxford, Great Britain) for high quality of education||An international reward is Millennium — Millenium Award||International reward of large «Monastery of Glory». For professional achievements in the modern world|
Kuyalnik: Mask, do I Know You?
Among the miracles of Odessa, there are some naturally created ones. Take the Kuyalnik "Liman" or "salt-lake", the only thing similar in the world can be found in Israel, for the mud of Kuyalnik can only be compared to the mud of the Dead Sea, and some differences make the Odessa product unique. The Kuyalnik "Liman" (a natural salt-lake, separated from the sea by a natural sand and silt wall) is situated in the North-Western part of the coast, within 13 km of Odessa. It is 28 km long and 3 km wide with an average depth of 3 m. The lowest point of Ukraine is situated within the area of the Kuyalnik "Liman": 5 m below sea level!