Burgas

Burgas is one of the largest cities in the country. It is situated on the Black Sea shore, in the Burgas Bay, at a distance of 400 km from Sofia and 130 km from Varna. Burgas is an administrative center of the area with the same name. The city population is more than 230,000 people.

Bourgas region is a crossroad of ancient civilizations since the end of VII – V century BC. In the museums many artifacts are stored – stone, flint and bone tools, pottery and idol sculptures from the Neolithic and Copper Age. They were found in so- called “mounds” – over 100 in number, formed as a result of millennial life of small villages located near water source. In the Bourgas Bay were found buried villages from the Bronze Age (III century BC). Many stone anchors of different sizes talk about development of shipping in the Bay even at this early age. Evidence of trade contacts with the Thracians in the Mediterranean world in XV – XIII century BC is the copper ingot of Minoan type, found near Cherkovo, Bourgas region.

Natural resources and favorable geographical position of Bourgas coastal areas attract Greek settlers, who at the end of VII century BC create Black sea trade colonies, the most known of which are Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol) and Messambria (Nessebar). In Apollonia, that reached its economic and cultural boom in the V century BC, was built the famous temple of Apollo. Here was placed a statue – a bronze colossus of Apollo, made by the ancient sculptor Kalamis. There is another statue of Apollo from the Archaic Age, found in the ancient village Antius, near by the today’s naval base Atia. From the ancient village, called “sweet wells”, localized in today’s Bourgas district “Pobeda” come one of the most beautiful red- vessels found in the Bulgarian lands. 

 The ancient city Deultum, located 18 km. south of Bourgas, was founded in the Roman Age. It was created in ’69 by Roman soldiers – veterans from VIII Augustin legion, who at the end of military service asked to be rewarded with “green land”. The strengthening of city’s borders with small fortresses, called “burgi” (drill) is related with the foundation of a village in the III – IV century, from which originates the name of Bourgas. One of the towers of this town is still presented in the “Poda” area, to the edema of the Mandra Lake in the Black sea.

 Christianity has penetrated the Bourgas lands at the end of I-II century. Here, till the XV century were five Episcopal centers – Nessebar, Anhialo, Debelt, Sozopol and Ahtopol.

After the foundation of the First Bulgarian Empire in 681, her second ruler Khan Tervel in 708-716 joined the majority of Southern Black sea coast in the territory of Bulgaria. At that time began the construction of the large boundary ditch “Erkesiya” between Bulgaria and Byzantium, the beginning of which starts from the medieval town Debelt. 

Tourists can learn more about the city and other interesting facts in the expositions of the Regional Historical Museum of Burgas, which are situated in a few buildings. Pictures and documents related to the most contemporary history of Burgas - after 1878 to the 1970s are presented in the historical exposition. Archaeological finds from Antiquity and the Middle Ages are presented in the Archaeological Exposition on 21 Aleko Bogoridi Str. The history of ship building on the Black Sea since the middle of the 2nd century BC is presented by a special collection of articles. Here visitors can learn more about the history of Burgas during the first and the Second Bulgarian Empire and the falling of the town under Ottoman dominion. 

The cathedral church “St. Cyril and St. Methodius” is also one of the most often visited sites in the city. The temple was constructed during the period 1897 - 1907 according to the plans of the Italian architect Rikardo Toskani (1857 – 1929). The brother Cyril and Methodius are depicted at the main entrance wall-painting. The church was declared an architectural and constructional monument of culture of national significance by Issue 18 of the State Gazette of 1979. 

The ethnographic exposition presenting the culture and the style of life of Burgas in the past is situated next to the cathedral church “St. Cyril and St. Methodius”. The richest collection of traditional costumes of all ethnographic groups in Burgas region is located in the museum. Unique ritual costumes from the 19th century, typical for the Burgas region, are also presented here. Here visitors can learn more about traditional Bulgarian rituals, such as singing Christmas carols, St. Lazar’s day dances, fire-dancing, etc. The “Troykata” square is situated near the temple. 

The bird diversity in the Burgas lakes and the present condition of the flora and fauna on the South Black Sea shore is presented in the Natural Science Exposition. 

In the Museum House of Petya Dubarova the visitors can get near the life and the works of the young poetess in Bulgaria. Petya Dubarova was born on 25 April 1962 in Burgas, and despite the fact that she put an end to her life when she was 17, she remained in the history of Bulgarian literature by her incredible poetic talent. Her native house was turned into museum, which was opened for visitors on 7 August 1995. A restoration of the room of the young poetess was made in the museum. Her school uniform, her notebook, as well as rich collection of pictures are presented in the museum. The museum also plays the role of a cultural institute. Since 1984 a contest had been conducted named after the poetess. Young artists in all genres can participate in it. Since 2003 a summer workshop has been conducted. The participant who had performed best at the summer contest are participating in it, as well as lecturers, invited for the purpose. The museum is a host of multiple exhibitions, literature readings, book presentations, etc. 

Burgas is the cultural center of the region, which is evident by the active work of the Burgas Opera, Dramatic Theater “Adriana Budevska”, and the State Puppet Theater of Burgas. There are also multiple galleries in the city (more than 15). Many cultural events are also conducted in the Cultural Center "Sea Casino". The Marine Park is a suitable place for a walk and relaxation. The summer theater of the city is also situated here. Diverse concerts and performances are conducted in it. 

The Burgas forebridge is one of the favorite places for walk of the residents and the visitors of the city. It was constructed in 1936 and is situated near the Casino. 

A bicycle park with three levels of difficulty is constructed in the Ezero Park (Lake Park) (at the entrance of the Marine Park). A special route is constructed for the so called “dirt jumping” for the adrenaline seekers. This is a discipline in cycling, in which artificially made jumping areas must be passed, and multiple attractive figures are performed in the air. 

 During the summer season Burgas turns into a festival center. More information about the events could be seen below.

 As a large economic, cultural and tourist center, Burgas can offer diverse accommodation options – luxurious hotels, cozy small family hotels, rooms, guest houses, etc. The night life, especially in the summer season, also offers a lot of opportunities – discotheques, bars, casinos. Besides the ones on the central streets of Burgas, catering establishments and bars are also located along the sea shore and the Marine Park. Other marine towns such as Chernomorets, Pomorie, Nesebar and Sozopol, as well as multiple camping sites are situated near Burgas.

13 municipalities are situated in the Burgas region: Aytos, Bourgas, Kameno, Karnobat, Malko Tarnovo, Nessebar, Pomorie, Rouen, Sozopol, Sredetz, Sungurlare, Primorsko and Tsarevo. 

Situated in the picturesque southern Bulgarian Black Sea coast, Bourgas region includes eastern Balkan, Strandja and Bourgas plain. There is a unique variety of nature, history and folklore. The region features beautiful beaches, easily accessible mountains with unique flora and fauna, unique historical monuments, traditions and customs. 

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